I got my paper back today! I got a 92! I was so happy. The whole class I was sure that I had gotten a really bad grade but I got an A! I will post at the end of this entry.
Officials in sports have used instant replay for over twenty
years. However the General Managers and umpires of Major League Baseball only
just voted in 2008 to try instant replay in baseball (Bloom 1). They voted only
to allow limited use of instant replay in games and stated that it was not
ready for playoff situations. While many supporters of instant replay state
that instant replay should have been implemented in baseball a long time ago
and will make the game fairer, many believe instant replay has no place in
professional baseball. Instant replay may be fitting for some other sports but
it does not belong in baseball.
Instant Replay is used in all four major North
American sports. Instant Replay was first used on television during an Army vs.
Navy football game in 1963 (History 1). However officials in any sport did not
use it until 1986 (Long 1). Since 1986 instant replay has been instituted into
many sports, but not without controversy. There are many who believe that
instant replay has ruined some of the basics of the sports that employ it.
Critics say that it eliminates the human element of officiating and should not
be included in the ruling of any game. However proponents of instant replay
suggest that it makes the game fairer.
The use of instant replay has had a
profound effect on the world of sports.
In 1986 the National Football League instated the first instant replay
rule. Officials could now use instant replay to review a close or questionable
call. Coaches were not allowed to ask for a replay at this point. However, the technology was still very
limited. There were many times that officials could not get a helpful look at
the play in question. Cameras were not used in as many places as they are now
so sometimes the angles were not what they should have been to make the correct
call. So in 1992 instant replay was taken out of use in the National Football
League (Long 1). Then in 1999 the National Football League decided to reinstate
the use of instant replay by officials. This came after years of constant
complaints by coaches and many disputed calls. This time instant replay was
reinstated with the addition of the ability of coaches to ask for a challenge
of a play they felt was questionable. There are still many restrictions to
instant replay however. Coaches cannot ask to review a penalty call or any call
within the two-minute warning at the end of the half. Officials can decide to
review any play besides penalties whenever they feel it may be necessary.
National Hockey league began using instant replay in 1991 and is the first of
the national sport leagues to continually use it through the present
(Associated 1). In hockey instant replay is used to confirm or deny a goal; the
officials in the video room can look at instant replay video of the “goal” and
determine whether or not the puck actually crossed the goal line. The video
officials can also review ice conditions and decide if one team has an unfair
advantage (Grossman 1). If they believe a team does have an advantage they can
order a change in the game to make the game fairer.
The National Basketball
Association has used instant replay since 2002. In basketball instant replay is
used mainly for time reviews. An instant replay can be used to determine if
more time should be added to the clock or if a shot was taken before the clock
ran down to zero seconds. It is also used in determining if a foul was called
before the clock ran down to zero seconds (Stein 1).
The use of instant replay
has changed the way each of these sports is played and coached. The most
profound impact can be seen in football. The coaches are now given a chance to
dispute a call and ask for the use of instant replay. Therefore coaches now are
in direct communication with coaches who have access to a television who can
view a play and tell the coach on the field whether or not a challenge should
be used. The use of instant replay has given more power to the coaches and has
taken away some of the officials’ power. It is the officials’ job to make the
calls in a game. With the use of instant replay coaches have the ability to
question the officials’ judgment. It has also eliminated the component of human
error in the calling of the sport. However it has improved officials’ abilities
to make the correct call and ensure that the game is called as fairly as
possible. Overall the use of instant replay in football seems to have been a
success. It has done more to improve the sport than hurt it.
Probably the sport
to adopt instant replay with the most controversy was baseball. In 2008 the
General Managers of all thirty major league baseball teams voted to allow
instant replay in the case of disputed home run calls only. It was first used
in baseball in September 2008 during a game between the New York Yankees and Tampa
Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Florida (Ghiroli 1). Alex Rodriguez hit a ball off
the rafters of the dome of Tropicana Field. The umpires initially called the
ball a home run but Rays’ manager John Madden requested a replay. After
reviewing the home run the umpires ruled that the ball was indeed a home run
and the Yankees were awarded the proper runs. On September 19 in a game between
the Tampa Bay Rays and the Minnesota Twins Carlos Pena hit a long fly ball that
a fan caught. The umpires called fan interference but the Rays’ manager John
Madden again asked for a replay review. The umpires for the first time in Major
League Baseball history overturned a call on the field with the help of instant
replay (Chastain 1). Ironically the first overturned call also happened at
Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg where the first ever use of replay in
There are still critics of instant replay in baseball.
Baseball is already a long game by nature. Many argue that adding instant
replay will only lengthen the game making it unbearably long (Loveday 1).
However proponents argue that as long as replay is used only in a few cases and
has limits it will not make a huge difference in the game time. They also argue
that a little bit of extra time to get the call right should be a small
sacrifice. Furthermore instant replay in other sports has had very little
effect on the length of the games. Critics also suggest that using instant
replay eliminates human error in officiating. They say that part of baseball is
the errors that umpires make because they are human. It is also subject to
different points of view and different umpires’ personalities. Proponents say
that this is just a way of excusing umpires for making bad calls. They say that
umpires should have no excuses for missing some of the calls they miss and
instant replay is a way to remedy this situation (Loveday 2). In other sports,
proponents argue, instant replay is a way to keep the officials in check and
keep them from affecting the outcome of the game too much.
Instant replay does
not fit the tone of baseball.
Baseball is called America’s Pastime for a reason. Although derived form
an English game, Rounders, it has developed ideals that are truly American. Not
the least of those ideals is dealing with the unfairness of life and rising
above it. When an umpire makes a bad call it is customary for the players and
managers to come out and argue with the umpire. However after a short argument
and possibly some ejections the game continues on with the umpire’s call
standing except in a very few cases where the Umpire Crew Chief will overrule a
call made by one of his colleagues.
The players and managers move on and after the game they rarely mention
a call as a game-changing event. By not blaming a bad call the players and
managers are illustrating another American ideal: taking responsibility for
actions. Baseball teams realize that baseball is a game of decisions and the
umpires make decisions just like everyone else. Teams recognize their decisions
as players and coaches have more of an impact on the outcome of the game than a
called third strike.
Furthermore baseball has the possibility to be a
never-ending game. There are three outs in an inning however if no one makes
the final out the game or inning could technically last forever. Although there
exists a curfew rule that will suspend the game after a certain length of time
the game is not over until the final out is recorded. In football the team’s
possession of the ball will end eventually, when they score or when they exceed
four downs. If at the end of the clock there is a tie there is a sudden death
overtime meaning that the first team to score wins. In basketball and hockey the game ends when time runs out.
In the case of a tie they play overtimes. In hockey after two overtimes there
is a shootout and if after the shootout there is still no winner the game can
end in a tie. In basketball overtimes could technically go on forever but the
basic structure of the game does not support a never-ending scenario.
is also a game of second chances. A team can easily come back from a bad call
by an umpire. In other sports it is much more difficult to come back from a bad
call. If a player fumbled the football on a fourth down they have to wait until
the other team scores or exceeds downs, at least three plays. In baseball the
next hitter or the next pitch can rectify a bad call instantly. In the event of
a bad call that ends the game most players and coaches would say that they had
twenty-six other outs to drive in the game winning run.
If instant replay is to
succeed in baseball managers and umpires will have to decide whether or not
they want to use it. If managers are like Eric Wedge of the Cleveland Indians
who said, “I‘m more of a purist…I’m a proponent of the human element of it. But if
they think it’s going to be good for the game, then so be it…” (Castrovince 1)
then instant replay will probably not be too much of a factor in baseball.
Managers like Wedge are fine with the vote to allow instant reply but will most
likely choose not to ask to utilize the new technology. If managers are more
like John Madden of the Tampa Bay Rays who asked for the first use of instant
replay it has the potential to completely change the game of baseball. If instant
replay becomes a major factor in Major League Baseball it will illustrate
society’s choice to move to a more technology based society. Americas Pastime
will have placed less trust in the hands of the human umpires and put that
trust in the hands of a machine.
, Press. “MLB approves replay in series that start Thursday .” 27 Aug
2008. 26 Mar 2009 <http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=3554357>.
Barry. “Major League, Umpires approve instant replay.” 20 Aug 2008.
26 Mar 2009 <http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080820&content_id=3339762&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb>.
Anthony. “Wedge not a fan of instant replay.” 26 Aug 2008. 26 Mar 2009.<http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080826&content_id=3370925&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb&partnerId=rss_mlb>.
Bill. “Rays benefit from first overturned call.” 19 Sep 2008. 26 Mar 2009.<http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080919&content_id=3510495&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb>.
Ghiroli, Brittany. “Instant replay debuts at Tropicana
Field.” 29 Aug 2008. 26 Mar 2009.<http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080829&content_id=3387161&vkey=news_tb&fext=.jsp&c_id=tb>.
Grossman, Evan. “The NHL video room has a bird’s eye view of
all the games.” 9 Oct 2007. 26 Mar 2009.
“History of Instant Replay in Sports and the Long Await for
Improved Technology, The.” 2 Sep 2008. 26 Mar 2009. <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/994236/the_history_of_instantreplay_in_sports.html?cat=14>.
Long, Tony. “March 11, 1986 NFL Adopts Instant Replay.” 11
Mar 2009. 26 Mar 2009. <http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2009/03/dayintech_0311>.
Loveday, Eric. “Does baseball need instant replay?” 3 Jun
2008. 26 Mar 2009. <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/788633/does_baseball_need_instant_replay_.html?cat=14>.
Stein, Marc. “NBA proposals would greatly expand the
league’s usage of instant replay .” 4 Oct 2008. 26 Mar 2009. <http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=3624954>.
Sorry if some of the wrks cited look funny, my computer is clearly possessed.
Jess guessed yesterday’s quote correctly! It was form She’s the Man with Amanda Bynes and *sigh* Channing Tatum.
Today’s quote: “…how can they find us?”
“Um… heat-seeking missiles, bloodhounds and foxes, barracudas…”
“I’m just kind of flabbergasted when you say things like that. It’s weird.”
“Not a compliment.”
Name the movie.